Why deserts have a little vegetation?


Why deserts have a little vegetation? Desert environments are so dry that they support only extremely sparse vegetation; trees are usually absent and, under normal climatic conditions, shrubs or herbaceous plants provide only very incomplete ground cover.

Why do deserts have very little vegetation and animals? Parts of the Arctic and the Antarctic are classified as deserts. These polar deserts contain great quantities of water, but most of it is locked in glaciers and ice sheets year-round. So, despite the presence of millions of liters of water, there is actually little available for plants and animals.

Are deserts vegetation? Deserts typically have a plant cover that is sparse but enormously diverse. Although cacti are often thought of as characteristic desert plants, other types of plants have adapted well to the arid environment. They include the pea family and sunflower family. Cold deserts have grasses and shrubs as dominant vegetation.

Why is there no vegetation in Indian desert? The arid land and the hot climate of the Thar desert are only suitable for perennial and ephemeral plants. The perennial plants have developed unique features known as xerophytic adaptations that help them survive in the meager water conditions. These plants are stunted, thorny, or prickly shrubs.

Why deserts have a little vegetation? – Related Questions

What kind of vegetation is found in desert?

Desert plants can be classified into three main categories: Cacti and Succulents, Wildflowers, and Trees, Shrubs, and Grasses.

Which type of vegetation is found in desert area and why?

Thorny vegetation is found in deserts. The leaves are reduced to spines in order to prevent the loss of water. Some have small leaves to reduce water loss from leaf surface and deep roots to draw water from the sub soil. An example of thorny vegetation is cactus.

Why is vegetation so important?

Vegetation serves several critical functions in the biosphere, at all possible spatial scales. Vegetation is also critically important to the world economy, particularly in the use of fossil fuels as an energy source, but also in the global production of food, wood, fuel and other materials.

Where is desert vegetation found in the world?

Thorny shrubs, Cactus is the most common type of plant or shrub found in nearly all the deserts of the world. Desert biome is classified into 4 types, viz., Coastal desert, cold desert, semiarid desert, and hot and dry desert.

Why are deserts important to the environment?

The dry condition of deserts helps promote the formation and concentration of important minerals. Gypsum, borates, nitrates, potassium and other salts build up in deserts when water carrying these minerals evaporates. Desert regions also hold 75 percent of known oil reserves in the world.

What is vegetation and Indian desert?

The desert vegetation is mostly herbaceous or stunted scrub; drought-resistant trees occasionally dot the landscape, especially in the east. On the hills, gum arabic acacia and euphorbia may be found. The khajri (or khejri) tree (Prosopis cineraria) grows throughout the plains.

Why is there not much vegetation in the western desert?

The deserts have rough and sandy soil which doesn’t allow proper vegetation. It is not possible for the plants to thrive in this condition. The few plants that do exist in a hot and dry desert are equipped for preserving water.

Are deserts turning green?

Sometime between 11,000 and 5,000 years ago, after the last ice age ended, the Sahara Desert transformed. However, because of a wildcard — human-caused greenhouse gas emissions that have led to runaway climate change — it’s unclear when the Sahara, currently the world’s largest hot desert, will turn a new green leaf.

Is the main vegetation found in hot desert?

Cactus is the most common type of plant or shrub found in nearly all the deserts of the world.

Where is desert vegetation found what are its features?

In India, the tropical desert vegetation is found in Haryana, central and eastern Rajasthan, south western Punjab and in some parts of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The main features of the tropical desert vegetation are that the trees are scattered and stunted due to scanty rainfall.

Which crops grow in desert soil?

Deserts cover 20 to 33% of the Earth’s land surface, and can be found in the tropics, at the poles, and in between. Crops grown in the desert include watermelons, apples, green onions, cucumbers, corn, hot peppers, melons, bell peppers, radishes, carrots, cabbage, soybeans, pears, tomatoes, squash and spinach.

What do you know about hot desert vegetation answer?

Hot Deserts: Due to high temperature and low rainfall, the vegetation is scanty. Only thorny shrubs, cactus, small herbs, and grass grow in such deserts. Nature has made this vegetation adapt to the hot and dry weather of these areas. The roots of these plants are long and thick enough to secure water from the deep.

Which type of vegetation is normally found in the cold desert and why?

Grasses are the most common vegetation in cold deserts. They tend to grow in clumps known as bunchgrass. Shrubs and brush plants also cover the terrain, such as the sagebrush common in the Great Basin.

What type of vegetation is found in hot and cold desert Why?

Hot deserts have thick, spongy stems, long roots, was coated leaves, thorns, etc. Palm trees can be found in Oasis regions. Natural Vegetation in cold deserts: Very less vegetation found in cold deserts because tress don’t grow below 10°C temperatures.

What are 5 importance of vegetation?

Vegetationprovides habitat to wildlife and ecosystem services such as food and fuel, timber, cash crops, pulp, fruits, robes, clothes and many game reserves. Vegetation converts solar energy into biomass and forms the base of all food chains.

What is vegetation and why is it important?

Native vegetation is crucial for the health of New South Wales’ environment; supporting agricultural productivity as well as the biodiversity that is central to Australia’s cultural identity. Native vegetation: controls erosion through protecting soils and riverbanks. reduces land degradation and salinity.

Why is vegetation important to the environment?

Like the soil that supports it, vegetation is fundamental to ecosystem processes and human survival. Vegetation is vital for: producing oxygen for animal and human life. maintaining air quality by trapping particulates such as dust and pollutants.

Why do deserts have sand?

This sand was washed in by rivers or streams in distant, less arid times – often before the area became a desert. Once a region becomes arid, there’s no vegetation or water to hold the soil down. Then the wind takes over and blows away the finer particles of clay and dried organic matter. What’s left is desert sand.

How does vegetation affect the climate?

Vegetation can affect climate and weather by the release of water vapor into the air during photosynthesis. The vapor alters surface energy flows and potentially leads to cloud formation. The researchers found that substantial vegetation-precipitation feedback loops often occur in semi-arid or monsoonal regions.

What is the environment in the desert?

Desert environments are so dry that they support only extremely sparse vegetation; trees are usually absent and, under normal climatic conditions, shrubs or herbaceous plants provide only very incomplete ground cover.

What type of natural vegetation is found in the desert region of India?

The desert vegetation is mostly herbaceous or stunted scrub; drought-resistant trees occasionally dot the landscape, especially in the east. On the hills, gum arabic acacia and euphorbia may be found. The khajri (or khejri) tree (Prosopis cineraria) grows throughout the plains.



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Who is the best karate in world?


Who is the best karate in world?

Who is the strongest martial artist? Even with all the nonbelievers out there, Bruce Lee continues to be seen by the masses as the greatest martial artist of all time. He was referred to by Dana White as a “world-wide fighting icon” not only because of martial arts but because of his philosophies, movies, teaching ability, and more.

Who killed Bruce Lee fighter? On , the actor and martial-arts expert Bruce Lee dies in Hong Kong at age 32 from a brain edema possibly caused by a reaction to a prescription painkiller.

Who is the king of karate? SpongeBob is officially crowned “King of Karate,” and he sits on his throne and requests Sandy to sit beside him in a lounge chair.

Who is the best karate in world? – Related Questions

How fast was Bruce Lee?

Besides being a film star who popularised kung fu globally, Lee was one of the fastest and most powerful martial artists of all time. Standing at 1.7 metres and weighing 61kg, he was clocked delivering a punch at 190km/h.

Is Kung Fu better than karate?

Kung Fu therefore is more useful in situations where you might be grappling with your target, while Karate is a more offensive martial art. In a general sense, Karate can be used more efficiently to harm an opponent while Kung Fu can be used to stop an opponent.

Who is the father of martial art?

Bodhidharma was a legendary Buddhist monk who lived during the 5th or 6th century. He is traditionally credited as the transmitter of Buddhism to China, and regarded as its first Chinese patriarch.

Was Bruce Lee a vegetarian?

He loved beef, shrimp, chicken, tofu and above all, vegetables. He always preferred vegetable-heavy Chinese food dishes. 3. He chose carbohydrate-heavy Chinese dishes over fat and protein-rich Western food portions.

Who trained Bruce Lee?

Bruce began his martial arts training with Wing Chun master, Yip Man (pictured), in Hong Kong, at 13. Bruce trained with Yip and Yip’s top students until he left for the USA in 1959.

Who is Indian Bruce Lee?

Karate master KJ Joseph, also known as Indian Bruce Lee, broke the world record of doing 82 pushups in 60 seconds.

Who is the No 1 martial artist in India?

Vidyut Jammwal has been bringing global recognition to the Indian martial art form Kalaripayattu. The actor has been training in the art form since an early age.

Who has the fastest kick in martial arts?

Sanjeev Kumar Jha is the New World Record Holder for World’s Fastest Full Contact Kick.

Who can punch the fastest?

Keith Liddell is a mathematician and author. He holds the record for the “fastest punch” in the Guinness World Records. The punch was registered at 45 miles per hour.

Did Jackie Chan fight Bruce Lee?

For a young martial arts performer, getting to act opposite Bruce Lee was a huge honour – and Jackie Chan got the chance on the set of ‘Enter the Dragon’. Okay, so, yes, while Bruce Lee technically won the “fight,” it’s not really one you could ever use to gauge as a basis in a debate.

Did Muhammad Ali fight Bruce Lee?

“Ali was world heavyweight champion at the time and Bruce saw him as the greatest fighter of them all. “The documentary showed Ali in several of his fights. Bruce set up a wide full-length mirror to reflect Ali’s image from the screen. “Bruce knew he could never win a fight against Ali.

Did Bruce Lee do karate or kung fu?

Bruce Lee developed a martial art technique called jeet kune do, a blend of ancient kung fu, fencing, boxing, and philosophy, which he began teaching instead of traditional martial arts.

Who made karate?

The Father of Modern Karate. Funakoshi Gichin was born on in Yamakawa, Shuri, Okinawa Prefecture. He was of samurai lineage, from a family which in former times had been vassals of Ryukyu Dynasty nobles. By age 11 he had already made a name for himself in Ryukyu-style martial arts.

Is karate stronger than taekwondo?

Karate focuses more on strength, power, and solid stances. Tae kwon do focuses a little more on speed, mobility, and flexibility. Karate gives nearly equal time to hand and foot techniques slightly favoring hands, while tae kwon do focuses about 70-80% on kicks.

How old will Bruce Lee be today?

What would be the age of Bruce Lee if alive? Bruce Lee’s exact age would be 80 years 11 months 11 days old if alive. Total 29,565 days. Bruce Lee was one of the most prominent and influential martial artists, an actor, movie producer, martial art instructor, and creator of Jeet Kune Do.

Who was Bruce Lee’s master?

At the age of 13, Bruce was introduced to Master Yip Man, a teacher of the Wing Chun style of gung fu. For five years Bruce studied diligently and became very proficient. He greatly revered Yip Man as a master teacher and wise man and frequently visited with him in later years.

Was Bruce Lee a fighter?

Still, he has only three recorded fights on his “record,” as it were. Years later, after he moved to Seattle and began training others in martial arts, Lee would often boast that his Wing Chun was the preeminent fighting style, leading to frequent arguments and challenges from adepts of other forms.

Is Bodhidharma Indian?

Bodhidharma was the second Indian Buddhist monk to travel to Southern China. He was born to King Sugandha in the late 5th century. After Bodhidharma was born, he became a member of the warrior caste called Kshatriya.

Was Bruce Lee a southpaw?

Bruce Lee was a right hander, but also a southpaw. His belief was that the strong side should be in front as a streetfighter, as in a “real” (street) fight there is no jumping about, and the fight will be over in seconds.

What age Bruce Lee died?

Bruce Lee died at 32 in his apartment in 1973. An autopsy showed that his brain had severely swollen and was the cause of death.

Who did Bruce Lee fight?

An old debate exists over what really happened when Bruce Lee fought Wong Jack Man, a highly-skilled, Chinese martial artist who lived in California in the 1960s. While Lee was living in the same area in 1964, the two were engaged in a fight that only had a few spectators.



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What country has the worst water crisis?


What country has the worst water crisis? 1. Eritrea: 80.7% lack basic water services. The population of Eritrea in East Africa has the least access to clean water close to home. Lack of adequate household sanitation means open water sources are often contaminated by human and animal waste.

Who is worst affected by the global water crisis? Women and children are worst affected – children because they are more vulnerable to diseases of dirty water and women and girls because they often bear the burden of carrying water for their families for an estimated 200 million hours each day.

What country has the most contaminated water? India is the world’s most polluted country and, as such, its most important river is no less so.

Which country will run out of water first? According to current projections, Cape Town will run out of water in a matter of months. This coastal paradise of 4 million on the southern tip of South Africa is to become the first modern major city in the world to completely run dry.

What country has the worst water crisis? – Related Questions

Does Africa have water?

The irony is that Africa has abundant fresh water: large lakes, big rivers, vast wetlands and limited but widespread groundwater. Only 4 per cent of the continent’s available fresh water is currently being used.

Is Australia water rich or poor?

Australia is also the driest continent inhabited by humans, with very limited freshwater sources. Despite the lack of freshwater, Australians use the most water per capita globally, using 100,000L of freshwater per person every year.

What year will we run out of water?

Unless water use is drastically reduced, severe water shortage will affect the entire planet by 2040.

What is the dirtiest country?

Bangladesh had an average PM2. 5 concentration of 77.1 micrograms per cubic meter of air (µg/m3) in 2020, making it the most polluted country in the world.

Where is the cleanest water on Earth?

1) Switzerland

Switzerland is repeatedly recognized as a country with the best quality tap water in the world. The country has strict water treatment standards and superior natural resources with an average rainfall per year of 60.5 inches. In fact, 80% of the drinking water comes from natural springs and groundwater.

Does the Earth lose water?

While our planet as a whole may never run out of water, it’s important to remember that clean freshwater is not always available where and when humans need it. In fact, half of the world’s freshwater can be found in only six countries. Also, every drop of water that we use continues through the water cycle.

Will the world run out of water by 2050?

The 2018 edition of the United Nations World Water Development Report stated that nearly 6 billion peoples will suffer from clean water scarcity by 2050. This is the result of increasing demand for water, reduction of water resources, and increasing pollution of water, driven by dramatic population and economic growth.

Can earth run out water?

In reality, the world won’t run out of water. Water does not leave Earth, nor does it come from space. The amount of water the world has is the same amount of water we’ve always had. However, we could run out of usable water, or at least see a drop to very low reserves.

Does Africa have WIFI?

Connecting a Continent

It’s hard for many to imagine life without connectivity, but that’s the reality for half the world’s population. Africa has the lowest number of Internet connections—only 22 percent of the continent has access. It also has the largest potential for progress.

What is the day zero?

Published: Tuesday

The human-caused climate change made the ‘Day Zero’ drought in southwestern South Africa — named after the day when Cape Town’s municipal water supply would need to be shut off — five to six times more likely.

Does Africa get snow?

Snow is an almost annual occurrence on some of the mountains of South Africa, including those of the Cedarberg and around Ceres in the South-Western Cape, and on the Drakensberg in Natal and Lesotho. Snowfall is also a regular occurrence at Mount Kenya and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania.

Does China have a water crisis?

Water scarcity has been long recognized as a danger for China. With nearly 20 percent of the global population, China has about 7 percent of the world’s freshwater. But the problem goes beyond sheer volume. Simply put, there is too much water where too few live, and too little water where too many live.

Why Australia is so rich?

The Australian economy is dominated by its service sector, which in 2017 comprised 62.7% of the GDP and employed 78.8% of the labour force. Australia has the tenth-highest total estimated value of natural resources, valued at US$19.9 trillion in 2019.

Is the United States a water rich country?

United States

Most of the fresh water resources in the country are surface water. Approximately 77% of the fresh water is surface water and 23% is underground. Majority of freshwater bodies in the United States are lakes. Other fresh water sources are rivers, ponds, and reservoirs.

What year will Earth be uninhabitable?

This is expected to occur between 1.5 and 4.5 billion years from now. A high obliquity would probably result in dramatic changes in the climate and may destroy the planet’s habitability.

Are we going to run out of oxygen?

Yes, sadly, the Earth will eventually run out of oxygen — but not for a long time. According to New Scientist, oxygen comprises about 21 percent of Earth’s atmosphere. That robust concentration allows for large and complex organisms to live and thrive on our planet.

Can we create water?

Is it possible to make water? Theoretically, it is possible. You would need to combine two moles of hydrogen gas and one mole of oxygen gas to turn them into water. However, you need activation energy to join them together and start the reaction.

What is the dirtiest part of your body?

The mouth is undoubtedly the dirtiest part of your body with the largest amount of bacteria. The mouth comes in more contact with germs than the rectal area.

Which is the dirtiest city in the world?

As per the report, the top most polluted city is Xinjiang in China followed by nine Indian cities. Ghaziabad is the second most polluted city in the world followed by Bulandshahar, Bisrakh Jalalpur, Noida, Greater Noida, Kanpur, Lucknow and Bhiwari. The global cities ranking report is based on PM2.

What is the safest country in the world?

Iceland has been rated the most peaceful country in the world by the ‘Global Peace Index’, and this is inherently due to having no armed forces, low crime levels and high standards of sociopolitical stability. Citizens also boast strong social attitudes towards crime while its police force is well-trained and educated.

What is the dirtiest water in the world?

1. Citarum River, Indonesia. The Citarum is the main river in West Java, Indonesia, and famous for being the most polluted waterway in the world.



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How I Created an Ecommerce Marketplace That Benefits Charities


Jeannie Barsam is the CEO and Founder of Gifting Brands. Gifting Brands is a curated shopping experience that allows you to shop your favorite luxury brands with the ability to give back. When you buy from Gifting Brands, 100% of your purchase proceeds are used to support a charity of your choice. Gifting Brands utilizes unsold or excess inventory from luxury and designer brands, so they have really created a sustainable solution to fashion waste.

Was it a lightbulb moment or gradual process to start Gifting Brands?

I would say it was a lightbulb moment. In 2014 when I was the Senior Vice President of Inventory Management at Zales Jewelers, we successfully sold the company to Signet Corporation for $1.4 billion. At that time, we had about $1.0 million dollars of prior seasons’ jewelry. I started researching ways we could donate the inventory to charity, but I could not find a way to make it work. There weren’t any charities that could handle a large amount of jewelry that could turn into revenue for their nonprofits.

After leaving Signet Jewelers, I launched my own jewelry line called Christy Jean Jewelry where I designed and made fashion jewelry and gave back 25% of sales to charity. But even then, I knew I wanted to do something even bigger to serve women, children, and families.

Gifting Brands fashion

So, in 2018, after seeing news reports about large luxury companies burning their excess inventory, it was a lightbulb moment! I finally figured out a way to help solve the issue of excess inventory that the fashion and luxury industry struggles with! I came up with the idea to create an ecommerce marketplace where fashion brands can donate their excess inventory without destroying it, and it also benefits charities! It is a win-win for charities, brands and consumers! Brands donate inventory to Gifting Brands, we sell it on our website and consumers get to shop and choose a charity. Shoppers love it because they know their purchase makes an impact. For retail brands, we offer a new solution that helps manage their inventory and saves the environment by reducing waste in landfills, and charities get a sustainable revenue source to continue their great missions of serving others!

How did you get your first three customers?

We officially launched Gifting Brands in 2020 at the beginning of the pandemic and did an email fundraising campaign with one of our charity partners, The Family Place, which was hit by the huge snowstorm last year in Dallas. One of their shelters that houses families impacted by domestic violence was destroyed and families had to go to hotels. We were able to help them raise funds to repair the damage, all from people who shopped at Gifting Brands.

How did you validate the idea?

The idea was pretty simple, people love to shop at discount and outlet stores, so I knew that selling designer and luxury brands at a discount would work. I hired amazing board members who are leaders in the retail industry to join me on this mission because they loved the idea too and thought it would work. I also have over 25 years of retail experience with multibillion-dollar organizations as an executive which includes retail stores, ecommerce, and outlet stores like Zales, Talbots, Charlotte Russe, and Gap.

Gifting Brands

We also took time to test the idea and launched our Shopify website in Fall of 2019 before we did an official launch in the Spring of 2020.

Gifting Brands website

It gave us time to get product donations from amazing companies like Baccarat, Tori Richard, Charles & Colvard, R.Riveter, and Christy Jean, so we could launch our website. We planned to launch in the Fall of 2020 with even more brands but then the pandemic hit so we quickly moved up our launch date to March so we could raise money faster and help more people that were impacted by the pandemic and the snowstorm.

Have you raised any money? How much?

Raising money is different for Gifting Brands. We accept product donations which we then sell and turn into cash to fund the business and to pay for the donations to charities. Today we donate 50% of the sales to charity, but we are currently looking for social impact investors and philanthropic funds that will help cover the costs to run our ecommerce business so 100% of sales can go to the charities!

This year, we were able to raise money for charity water to build a well in Malawi Africa that will be finished next year. It will bring clean and safe water to over 200 people.

What regulatory approvals did you have to go through?

First, I had to go through the long process of getting IRS approval to become a 501c3 nonprofit. There were no other nonprofits to model after except charity thrift stores, and we wanted to make sure we were approved on the first try. We are the first nonprofit organization that we know of that sells new and unused apparel, accessories, and jewelry, so it took us longer to prove our business model to be able to gain IRS approval. We were thrilled when we were accepted after our first try!

Who is your target demographic?

Our target demographic is women ages 25 to 55. It is broad, but we appeal to women who want to make a difference with their wallet and that is not determined by age but by a mindset. As we grow and add more men’s product offerings, we will add them to our target as well.

How did you fund the idea initially?

The funding to launch Gifting Brands was done by my husband Howard and I. I retired from Signet in 2016, but last year, I was offered the role of Senior Vice President of Merchandise Operations for Michaels Stores. This decision was tough, I had to decide to put Gifting Brands on hold, but it helped me gain the funding we needed to launch Gifting Brands in an even bigger way. I am so grateful to Michaels in so many ways. Not only are they an amazing organization to work for, but they also donated a large amount of fabric to Gifting Brands at the beginning of the pandemic. We were able to use that fabric and donate it to make masks for front line workers when there was a mask shortage.

Where did you meet your co founder/founding team?

My team is made up of amazing leaders who volunteered to be “working” board members. I have surrounded myself with great leaders with diverse backgrounds who are smarter than me!

Jeannie Barsam is the CEO and Founder of Gifting Brands

As a founder, you can’t be expected to know everything especially when you are doing something like Gifting Brands that has never been done before. Many of my board and advisory board members are people I have worked with in the past or they were referred to me because they are so good at what they do.

Any tips for finding first employees?

As a startup, your founding team members can make or break you. Surround yourself with smart people who are good at multitasking and want to learn and grow with the organization.

Did you run any companies prior?

Yes, I started my own jewelry company called Christy Jean in 2016, but most of my relevant experience comes from my long career in the retail industry where I led large teams and was responsible for the financial plans and merchandise strategies for billion-dollar retail companies. I started out my career as a buyer and worked my way up through the corporate ladder back when there were few women executives.

What motivated you to start your own business?

I wanted to find a way to do something big to change the world for the better in a way I could serve others. I also knew I would not be successful unless I had some knowledge in what I was doing, and I had to solve a problem like excess inventory. My biggest motivation is my faith and knowing that we are called to serve others and to love our neighbor as ourselves. Loving thy neighbor does not stop with friends next door. Loving our neighbor also means taking care of the sick, the homeless, the poor, and those that cannot help themselves.  

Even if we only help one child get ahead, to me it will be worth it. My mentor, Theo Killion who was the CEO of Zales and is now the chairman of the Board for A Better Chance which gives scholarships to minority students said this, “When you help one child get ahead, you change a whole generation. When a child gets a good education, it helps their entire family and generations that follow.” This is my motivation and what keeps me going.

What were your family and friends’ first thoughts on your company?

My husband and children have been so supportive in this journey. Many of my friends and family have joined as volunteers at charity events. One of the benefits for our charities is we donate inventory for their charity auctions and events. My friends love to help out at big charity galas to raise money.  

What motivates you when things go wrong? What is the end goal?

When things go wrong, I try to remember our purpose which is to serve women and children in need. Gifting Brands is meant to be a blessing for people who don’t have all the resources that we have and to help lift them up out of their bad situation. If I can help even one woman or child get out of domestic violence, homelessness, or poverty, it is all worth it.

The end goal is to raise millions of dollars each year for amazing charities that are making a big difference so we can stop domestic violence, trafficking, and poverty and help more families get a great education.

Do you have any advice for someone just starting out?

Just start. Do not wait for everything to be perfect. Celebrate the big and small wins and keep track of them all so on those days when nothing seems to go right, you can look back on how far you’ve come.

What has driven the most sales?

Email has driven the most sales because we target customers who have a relationship with the charities we support. Our goal is to give consumers another way that they can make a difference just by shopping or buying a gift for someone.

What is stopping you being 3x the size you are now?

Gifting Brands is a new concept and people do not understand that we give 100% of our profits to charity. Once they find that out, they become raving fans.

How do you protect yourself from competition?

I hope there is more competition because the more companies that choose to give back a portion of their profits, the better the world will be. I encourage companies to find creative ways to give back to their communities with the resources they have, whether that is through inventory, cash, or even donating their expertise to help nonprofits. Statistics also show that people want to work for companies that give back to causes they care about. I think part of the “Great Resignation” that is going on also includes people relooking at their values to find companies that they align with.

Do you have any trademarks/IP/patents?

We received our 501C3 IRS approval to be a nonprofit which allows us to take donations of inventory from large companies and then we sell the product on the Gifting Brands website and give all the profits to the charity that the shopper chooses. The great part is the companies that donate the inventory get a tax benefit by donating.

We are also in the process of trademarking the term, “Inventory Philanthropy.” Inventory Philanthropy is a better way of describing what Gifting Brands is doing to serve people in need. Donating inventory is a much better way to manage a company’s excess inventory; it also helps reduce our landfills and generates revenue for charities that are making a difference in the world. Gifting Brands allows companies to become even more sustainable and socially conscious with the environment while benefiting charities.

What are the top 3-5 apps your business could not run without? Why are they essential?

Shopify is number 1. Shopify is our ecommerce platform where we sell our product. Second, Give and Grow Donations by Pledge which manages every transaction and gives back 50% of all sales to the charity that our customers choose. The other 50% goes to pay for running the business. The third is Instagram which helps let people know who we are and how they can make a difference when they shop.

What are your favourite books and podcasts?

I have many favorite books and podcasts. Some valuable books I’ve read are Building a Story Brand by Donald P. Miller, The Magnolia Story by Chip and Joanna Gaines, and Key Person of Influence by Daniel Priestly. Some of my favorite podcasts are We are For Good, The Gary Vee Audio Experience, and Secrets to Scaling your Ecommerce Brand.

Where do you see the company in 5 years? Would you ever sell?

In five years, our goal is to have donated over $5.0 million dollars to charities that help women, children, and families and help change their lives. When you help a child get ahead, you change an entire generation. Gifting Brands is a nonprofit 501C3 organization so we cannot sell the company.

Company Name: Gifting Brands
Founder: Jeannie Barsam



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How We Created a Premium, Niche Fragrance Brand and Made it Affordable


Tabassum Khan and Shakir Ahmed are founders of a premium lifestyle brand, HABIBI NY. They launched their brand in 2016 with a mission to inspire love, diversity, and unity through unique, premium, and long-lasting scents. They spent their first year hopping around local events and setting up vendor tables and booths talking and sharing about their story and their mission. They only started with two products and now they are already 5 years in business with more than 20 fragrances and other ancillary products.

Was it a lightbulb moment or gradual process to start HABIBI NY?

The concept of Habibi NY was a lightbulb moment but from that moment to our first actual product launch took 1 whole year of research, design, and development.

How did you get your first three customers?

Family, Friends, and we set up a vendor table at a local bazaar

Did you have any experience/expertise in the area?

I am a pharmacist by background  and my husband has a technology and business background. I use my chemistry/science background and my husband uses his tech/finance expertise and together we can work towards product development as well as our growth strategy.

Who is your target demographic?

Mainly, our target demographic includes adults of all age groups, genders, ethnicities etc. who enjoy and appreciate new and different experiences and cultures.

What is the funniest/most strange customer request you’ve had?

When we were temporarily out of stock on one of our best-selling fragrances for men, we had a customer who absolutely loves it and wanted it right away. He was willing to buy our personal bottle that we use and pay full-price for it. This was during the peak of Covid, during a snowstorm and he wanted to come to our house to pick it up! It all worked out great as we did a mailbox exchange with gloves, disinfectant wipes, etc. Made the customer happy!

How did you fund the idea initially?

When we started this company, both of us as a husband-wife team decided that whatever we do, we will avoid loans as much as we can. We would rather grow slow and steady but do it on our own rather than to start off already in  debt. We felt that to truly make an excellent product we had to be vested All-in. This meant all in with our money, time, and energy.

Where did you meet your cofounder/founding team?

Luckily, finding a “co-founder” wasn’t hard for us.

Habibi founders

We were so blessed to have certain light-bulb moments together as a couple.

What motivated you to start your own business?  

The passion to make a first class brand/product that we would use ourselves. We saw there was a gap in the market for really good and luxurious fragrances that would be affordable and attainable by most people. We didn’t understand why we couldn’t find truly unique and premium scents at fair prices. For us, to pay $85-$120 at a department store for a fragrance that smelled like at least 5 other people in the workplace didn’t make sense. Whilst the niche fragrances were $200+.

Habibi NY men

Last but definitely not least, we noticed immense focus on hypersexualized images and videos by fragrance brand. By using such marketing content, we thought the essence (no pun intended) of fragrance was getting lost. Fragrances are for more than what is implied in these images.

Habibi scents

Scents play an important role in all our relationships, experiences and cherished moments. It is a universally loved gift to give and/or receive. So we wanted to make a brand that stood for inspiring love not lust.

What were your family and friends first thoughts on your company?

Some of our closest  family and friends were our first supporters and customers! We had orders before we had our first actual product. Even within friends and family, you will always have some people who may not see your vision right away or think this is a temporary hobby. But the ones that know us very well knew that we were in this for the long haul.

What motivates you when things go wrong? What is the end goal?

Our faith and prayers always keep us going. There is nothing in life that will always be perfect and there is absolutely no way to plan for everything. However, with anything that does ever go “wrong” or not as we planned, we pray, keep faith, re-strategize  and then move on accordingly. Of the 100 things that go right, there will always be one that doesn’t and that is okay.

Do you have any advice for someone just starting out?

The most important thing is to believe in yourself and whatever it is that you are making/selling/providing. You have to truly believe in it and literally be obsessed with continuously making and improving your product/service. If there is a real need for it or if it indeed exceeds what is already available then inevitably others will believe in it also.

What has driven the most sales?

You will see the most sales from whichever platform you use and focus on the most. For us, once we started focusing on digital marketing, we started with Facebook. This also changes based on where customers are shopping from.

How do you protect yourself from competition?

Honestly, we believe competition is healthy for any business. It keeps you working harder and also leads to innovation.

Habibi NY scents

As long as you work honestly, keep making the best products that you can, and keep innovating and improving then you build a loyal customer base.

What are the top 3-5 apps your business could not run without?

Having a 3rd party verified review collecting app and a rewards program.

Why are they essential?

Very simply, you cannot smell through the screen. Reviews are essential for us so potential customers can hear the real deal from real customers. Rewards are a great way to build customer loyalty. We love it when customers return and rewarding them for their purchases is a great way for us to build a positive relationship with them.

What are the next products you’re working on?

We are always working on new fragrances. But we do have a new line that we cannot wait to release! Details to follow soon.

Where do you see the company in 5 years?

Since we launched in 2016, we have had 150% growth year over year for 5 years. We now have 30,000+ customers and sold over tens of thousands of units. We also have about 4000+ 5-star reviews.

Company Name: HABIBI NY
Founder: Tabassum Khan, Shakir Ahmed



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What are some examples of social categories?


What are some examples of social categories? A social category is a collection of people who do not interact but who share similar characteristics. For example, women, men, the elderly, and high school students all constitute social categories.

What are the four social categories? There are four main types of groups: 1) primary groups, 2) social groups, 3) collectives, and 4) categories.

What’s a social category? a group of people defined by social class or other common attributes of a social nature, such as homelessness, gender, race, unemployment, or retirement.

What are 3 types of social groups? Types of Social Groups: Primary, Secondary and Reference Groups.

What are some examples of social categories? – Related Questions

What are the 7 social classes?

More complex models propose as many as a dozen class levels, including levels such as high upper class, upper class, upper middle class, middle class, lower middle class, lower class and lower lower middle class.

What are the 5 social classes?

Gallup has, for a number of years, asked Americans to place themselves — without any guidance — into five social classes: upper, upper-middle, middle, working and lower. These five class labels are representative of the general approach used in popular language and by researchers.

Is religion a social category?

Religion describes the beliefs, values, and practices related to sacred or spiritual concerns. Religion is a social institution because it includes beliefs and practices that serve the needs of society.

Is education a social category?

Education is a major component of social class, both directly and indirectly. Directly, individuals from higher social classes are more likely to have the means to attend more prestigious schools, and are therefore more likely to receive higher educations.

How do I find social groups?

To find social groups your local library is a good place to start. Libraries often host events around books and recreational topics. Your local community center will also have resources for finding social groups and clubs.

How many types of group are there?

There are two main types of groups: primary and secondary.

What are the four kinds of social norms cite examples?

There are four types of social norms that can help inform people about behavior that is considered acceptable: folkways, mores, taboos, and law.

What are the examples of in group?

Sports teams, unions, and sororities are examples of in-groups and out-groups; people may belong to, or be an outsider to, any of these. Primary groups consist of both in-groups and out-groups, as do secondary groups.

What are social groups and social networks?

There is some organization in our lives because of these social groups. Within these groups, we have our social networks. When you hear the term social network, you may immediately think of Facebook or Twitter. In the offline world, social networks refer to the social ties that link us together with other people.

What are the 9 social classes?

Fussell’s nine hierarchical classes are: top out-of-sight, upper, upper middle, middle, high-prole, mid-prole, low-prole, bottom out-of-sight, and Class X—this last being the classless class to which Fussell assigns himself.

How do you know what social class you are in?

In determining their social class, people often don’t just think about income, experts say, but about other factors, including education, location and family history. Larger economic trends may also impact how people view their class rank.

How many social classes are there in the United States?

A team of sociologists recently posited that there are six social classes in America. In this model, the upper class (3% of the population ) is divided into upper-upper class (1% of the U.S. population, earning hundreds of millions to billions per year) and the lower-upper class (2%, earning millions per year).

What should I fill in social category in school form?

It provides details of Social Status of Beneficiary Children by Scheduled castes, Scheduled tribes, Other Backward classes and others.

What is social categories theory?

A theory of mass communication that argues that individuals within broad subgroups (such as age classes, sex, social, or educational class) react similarly to the mass media.

Is family a social institution?

The family is generally regarded as a primary social institution. The institution of family is a basic unit in the society, and the multifaceted functions performed by it makes it a much-needed institution in a society.

What is the study of God called?

Theology is the study of religion. It examines the human experience of faith, and how different people and cultures express it. Theologians have the complex job of thinking about and debating the nature of God. Studying theology means taking on challenging questions about the meaning of religion.

What are social institutions in sociology?

DEFINITION. • A social institution is an interrelated system of social roles and social norms, organized around the satisfaction of an important social need or social function. • Social Institutions are organized patterns of beliefs and behaviour that are centered on basic social needs.

What are social groups and how do they organize social life?

A social group is a collection of people who interact with each other and share similar characteristics and a sense of unity. A social category can become a social group when the members in the category interact with each other and identify themselves as members of the group.

How do you make friends at a pandemic?

Stay connected. Writing letters, sending voice memos, scheduling phone or video dates — keeping in touch during the pandemic doesn’t have to be impersonal, even if it’s not in person.

What are some examples of primary and secondary groups?

A primary group is a small group based largely on long-term face-to-face interaction, and typically based on affiliation, such as a family or a friendship group; a secondary group is one based on shared goals or interests in which the members are rarely if ever in face-to-face contact with each other, such as a

What is an example of a social norm?

To make a good impression on other members of your community there are social norms that are commonly accepted, such as: Shake hands when you meet someone. Make direct eye contact with the person you are speaking with. Unless the movie theater is crowded, do not sit right next to someone.



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Which southern European country is across the Adriatic Sea from Eastern Europe?


Which southern European country is across the Adriatic Sea from Eastern Europe? Croatia is in Central and Southeast Europe, on the coast of the Adriatic Sea. It borders Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro to the southeast and Slovenia to the northwest.

What Eastern European countries border the Adriatic Sea? The countries with coasts on the Adriatic are Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Montenegro and Slovenia. The Adriatic contains more than 1,300 islands, mostly located along the Croatian part of its eastern coast.

What country is across the Adriatic Sea from Italy? The Adriatic Sea is bordered in the southwest by the Apennine (Italian) Peninsula and in the northeast by the Balkan Peninsula. Situated at the head of the Adriatic Sea is its largest Peninsula – the Istrian Peninsula, which is shared by the countries of Slovenia, Croatia, and Italy.

Which sea borders Europe in South? You may have learnt that Europe is the space between the Arctic Ocean in the north, the Atlantic Ocean in the west, the Mediterranean Sea in the south and the Ural mountains in the east.

Which southern European country is across the Adriatic Sea from Eastern Europe? – Related Questions

What are South European countries?

Definitions of Southern Europe, also known as Mediterranean Europe, include countries and regions such as: Albania, Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Gibraltar, Greece, Italy, Kosovo, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Portugal, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia, Southern France (and

Which countries border the Mediterranean Sea?

Today 21 countries, with surface areas from 2 km2 to 2.4 million km2, have coastlines on the Mediterranean Sea. They are Albania, Algeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Libya, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Morocco, Slovenia, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, and Turkey.

Where is the Adriatic coast in Italy?

Where is the Adriatic coast? It stretches right down the eastern side of the country, from Trieste and the Gulf of Venice in the north to the Capo d’Otranto in Puglia at the south-eastern tip. It encompasses some of the most spectacularly beautiful scenery.

Is the Adriatic Sea located between Italy and Spain?

The Adriatic Sea is part of the Mediterranean Sea separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula, and the system of the Apennine Mountains from the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges.

Is Malta in the Adriatic Sea?

Trace the stunning shores of the Adriatic Sea, long a route for explorers and empires. The Maltese island of Gozo is home to the temples of Ggantija and the restored Cittadella. Malta was first settled by people from the island of Sicily, who arrived as early as 5900 BC.

What sea is west of Italy?

Tyrrhenian Sea – Part of the Mediterranean Sea off the western coast of Italy.

Where is the eastern border of Europe?

Europe’s eastern frontier is delineated by the Ural Mountains in Russia, which is the largest country by land area in the continent. The southeast boundary with Asia is not universally defined, but the modern definition is generally the Ural River or, less commonly, the Emba River.

Which Sea is located in Europe?

Europe’s boundaries are primarily maritime. The continent is bound by the Atlantic, the Arctic Ocean, the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. The Baltic is entirely within Europe.

Is France Southern or Northern Europe?

France is the only country in Europe that is both a northern and southern power. The Continent’s northern and southern regions have developed in relative isolation. Two geographic features help pull the Continent in separate directions.

Where is Southern and Eastern Europe?

The Eastern and Southern Europe region of the Global Philanthropy Environment Index is both geographically and religiously diverse, and includes economies in Eastern Europe (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovak Republic, and Ukraine) and Southern Europe (Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain).

What is the most southern country in Europe?

The southernmost point of Mainland Europe is Punta de Tarifa in Spain, the northernmost is the Cape Nordkinn in Norway; Cabo da Roca in Portugal is the westernmost point. The determination of the easternmost point will contribute a lot to the development of international tourism.

Where is the Mediterranean region?

This biogeographical region includes the Mediterranean Sea and seven Member States, either partially (France, Portugal, Italy, Spain) or completely (Greece, Malta, Cyprus). It has specific regional features: a climate of hot dry summers and humid, cool winters and a generally hilly landscape.

How many countries are in the eastern Mediterranean?

The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) represents 22 countries in the region.

Is Greece on the Mediterranean Sea?

Twenty-two modern states have a coastline on the Mediterranean Sea. They are: Europe (from west to east): Spain, France, Monaco, Italy, the island state of Malta, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece, Turkey, and the island Republic of Cyprus.

Is the Adriatic Sea east of Italy?

Italy’s east coast runs along the Adriatic Sea from the border of Slovenia to the heel of the boot, the Salento Peninsula.

What is the east coast of Italy called?

Italian Adriatic Coast goes from Friuli Venezia Giulia to Puglia and it hosts many cities of art, seaside resorts, and popular holiday resorts.

Why is Dubrovnik called the Pearl of the Adriatic?

The period of Austrian dominance saw the early beginnings of tourism. Lord Byron on his Grand Tour was said to have called Dubrovnik ‘the Pearl of the Adriatic’. The importance of tourism meant that Dubrovnik was put on UNESCO’s world heritage list in 1979.

Which sea separates Europe from Africa?

15. Strait of Gibraltar, Atlantic Ocean/Mediterranean Sea. The Strait of Gibraltar is a narrow waterway separating the Atlantic Ocean (bottom left) from the Mediterranean Sea (top right). This 13-kilometer-wide waterway also separates Europe and Africa, with Spain and Gibraltar on the left and Morocco on the right.

Is Malta part of Spain or Italy?

The country of Malta became independent from Britain and joined the Commonwealth in 1964 and was declared a republic on . It was admitted to the European Union (EU) in 2004.

What Color Is Adriatic?

Adriatic Sea SW 6790 – Blue Paint Color – Sherwin-Williams.

What is the sea that is east of mainland Europe?

Mediterranean Sea, an intercontinental sea that stretches from the Atlantic Ocean on the west to Asia on the east and separates Europe from Africa.



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How thick can you apply joint compound?


How thick can you apply joint compound? You can avoid a lot of extra work later by making sure paper tape is thoroughly embedded in the joint compound. Start by laying a thick bed of joint compound down the center of the seam. Then smooth it down to a consistent thickness of about 1/8 in. with your 5- or 6-in.

What happens if joint compound is too thick? Generally the biggest prolem with appling ready mix j/c too thick is it will crack as it shrinks and dries. If it doesn’t crack it should be fine. I always try to apply a skim coat as thin as possible both to avoid any problems and to save on material . . It is also easier to control and have a level skim coat job.

How thick should drywall mud be second coat? Cover the joints with a second coat of mud

Lay on a 1/8-in. thick mound of mud across the centers of butt joints, then two more strips of mud on either side of the center strip. Make three more passes, feather the outer edges flat, then smooth the center.

How big a gap can you fill with drywall mud? Another situation that calls for filling is a drywall gap between sheets that’s more than about 1/2 inch wide. If you tape over a wide gap like this without filling it first, the tape will flex, and the joint compound covering it will chip away.

How thick can you apply joint compound? – Related Questions

How many layers of joint compound do I need?

If your wall has distinct crevices, cracks, or textured areas, or if your brand of drywall mud isn’t offering enough coverage, you may have to do a couple of additional coats of compound. However, in general, you’ll need one coat to fill in the seams and three more coats after taping.

How thick can skim coat be?

The skim (finish) coat is responsible for smoothness.

The skim coat is applied to the backing coat at a thickness of 2-3 mm. It is not designed to flatten, but is literally just a smoothing off coat. The Skim Coat is explained in section 2.

How thick can you spackle?

Layer the spackling into the area 1/4 inch deep at a time and allow it to dry between layers. Vinyl spackling will typically dry within one to five hours, depending on temperature, humidity and material depth. Vinyl spackling may shrink or crack slightly when applied in layers deeper than 1/4 inch.

Can you put too much mud on drywall?

Any drywall joint can also crack if the mud is applied too thick or too quickly. To prevent cracking, don’t use more mud than you need for any of the coats, and let each coat dry completely before adding the next.

Should I sand between coats of joint compound?

2 Answers. Yes, knock off any bumps between coats, but there’s no need to get it perfect. A screen sander on the end of a pole is the best tool for this job. And it goes without saying that you should minimize any bumps while the mud is still drying to avoid having to sand it later.

What is the difference between joint compound and topping compound?

You need two different kinds of joint compound (mud) to do a bang-up job. Topping compound is lighter, easier to apply and sand, and shrinks less than all-purpose mud.

Can you fill holes with joint compound?

Joint compound fills nail holes in one coat, and it dries quickly. A putty knife is the best choice, as it spreads less compound on the wall than a taping knife. Within minutes after filling hole, you can wipe the wall with a damp sponge and touch up the paint.

What is an acceptable gap in drywall?

How big a gap is acceptable? Between panels, 1/4 inch is fine. Taping compound and tape will cover it with little difficulty. Putting on a coat of compound before setting the tape will fill the gap.

How long do I wait between coats of drywall mud?

At the far end, drywall mud, also known as joint compound, needs to dry for 24 hours between each coat and before sanding, priming, and painting. The 24 hour drying time recommendation can be applied to nearly all factors.

Do you tape or mud drywall first?

If you want to use mesh tape to mud drywall…

The order of taping is the same: Do screw indentations and beveled joints first, inside and outside corners next, and butt joints last.

Can you paint directly on drywall?

Q: Can I paint directly on drywall? A: No, after you are done hanging your drywall, you need to make sure that you mud and primer it before applying any coat of paint. A: The best type of paint to use on new drywall is a premium acrylic latex primer.

How thick can wall plaster be?

Plaster over concrete or masonry is referred to as a maximum thickness. Without lath, the maximum is 5/8-inch for walls and 1/8-inch for ceilings. Plaster may be applied thicker, if lath is used.

Will thick joint compound dry?

Generally when ready mix j/c is applied too thick it will dry but there will be some cracks in the mud due to shrinkage. Cool and/or humid air will slow down the drying time, Fresh air circulation will speed it up a little.

How thick is dot and dab?

How much dot and dab adhesive to use. When calculating how much dot and dab adhesive you’ll need, remember that dabs should be between 50mm and 75mm wide, around 250mm long (the length of a trowel), and about 10mm thick.

How thick can you apply easy sand?

Application to porous surface or at less than 1/8 in. thickness may prevent chemical setting and bond. In cold weather during gypsum panel joint finishing, minimum surface, water, mix and air temperature of 45°F must be ensured until joints are completely dry.

What is the strongest drywall compound?

Taping compound dries harder and is more difficult to sand than all-purpose and topping compounds. Taping compound is also the best option if you need to cover plaster cracks and when superior bonding and crack-resistance are required, such as around door and window openings (which tend to crack due to house settling).

Why are my drywall seams showing?

Sometimes, drywall seams become visible when a house has undergone considerable settling. If, however, you notice any other signs of settling—cracks in the foundation, torn drywall joints, or gaps either along the baseboards or at the point where walls meet ceilings—hire a foundation expert to do an inspection.

What does a bad drywall job look like?

There should be no crooked lines, gaps, indentations, bubbles or creasing. Badly applied tape can leave indentations and creases. A crooked corner bead can cause a wavy corner. Rough surface – Some minor ridges and roughness are acceptable at lower levels of finish.

Do you have to mix all purpose joint compound?

Contrary to what most people think, ready-mix joint compound is not ready to use straight from the bucket. It needs to be mixed for the compound to spread evenly, which leads to a professional-looking finishing job with less sanding.

How do you smooth joint compound without sanding?

You can finish the drywall without having to sand the surface. By using a rubber float or a knife, you can smooth the wall down so it looks like you spent the day sanding. It takes time to do the job properly.

Do you need to sand after the first coat of mud?

After the first coat has dried completely, you will need to sand and apply two more coats to the fasteners, sanding between each coat. Keep your knife clean by drawing it over the edge of the mudpan or hawk.



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